您确当前地位: 高考manbetx » 安徽manbetx > 安徽模仿试题 » 注释

安徽2018年自主招生英语模仿试题【含答案】-manbetx网页手机登录版

2017-12-10 15:37:21 文/梁羽辉 阅读550次

安徽2018年自主招生英语模仿试题【含答案】

英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请仔细阅读上面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

21. You can make some ___ to the table to make it more comfortable.

A. adjustment B. judgment C. justice D. judging

22. If you make ___ of the problems you may meet in advance, you won’t be too surprised during the process.

A. an analyze B. an explain C. an analysis D. an explanation

23.A teacher should not show ___ for any one of his pupils.

A. prefer B. refer C. preference D. reference

24. It is reported that the United States uses ___energy as the whole of Europe .

A. twice as many B. twice much C. twice much as D. twice as much

25. ---Would you like some coffee ?

--- Yes , and please get me some milk, too. I prefer coffee ___ milk.

A. to B. with C. than D. of

26. Unable to practice their traditions, many young Roma illegal behavior, such as stealing, and were usually the main suspects when anything went missing.

A. took to B. took on C. took up D. took in

27. Do you expect _______ be a chance to study abroad?

A. it to B. it C. there to D there

28. --- Mum, I want to go for a walk .

--- Sorry , I’d rather you ____ .

A. won’t B. didn’t C. don’t D. hadn’t

29. ---Look !How long ___ like this ?

---Three weeks !It’s usual here that rain ___ without stopping these days of the year.

A. has it been raining , pours B. has it rained , has poured

C. is it raining, pours D. does it rain, has poured

30. Winter comes. few leaves ___ on the trees.

A. remaining B. remain C. are remained D. leave

31. The defendant couldn’t _____ the fact that the money was found in his house.

A. account to B. account for C. account in D. account on

32. The scientist has stayed in his office for a whole morning, ___ the problem.

A. look at B. looking after C. look into D. looking at

33. She _____ her parents' decision at last and had to go to New York with them.

A. objected to B. submitted to C. referred to D. accustomed to

34. It is obvious that nobody wants to make friends with the poor boy money.

A. suspected of having stolen B. suspecting to steal

C. suspected having stolen D. suspecting to have stolen

35. –-- I’m sorry, my mind _________. What _________ you _________?

--- You are always absent- minded in class.

A. am wandering; do; say B. wandered; had; said

C. wandered; did; say D. was wandering; did; say

答案剖析:

21.A. make some adjustment 调理,调解

22. C. analysis 名词 “剖析”; analyze 动词 “剖析”

23.C. preference 偏幸

24. D energy 不行数名词

25. B. coffee with milk 加奶的咖啡

26. A。 take to 开端从事,养成某一习气 ; take up 从事某事(作为奇迹);

take on 出现 雇佣 ; take in 诈骗 吸取

27.C. expect 厥后须接动词不定式。

28.B。 would rather 厥后的宾语从句用假造语气

29.A look 是要害词,标明了雨还在下。

30.C. remain 用作系动词, 无主动语态。

31.B。account for 表明,阐明

32.D. looking at = considering 考虑, 思索;用作随同状语

33.B submit to 屈服,听从

34. A suspect sb of doing sth 疑心或人做某事, 过来分词作定语。

35.D。 方才“头脑”正在开小差。

第二节:完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读上面漫笔,掌握其粗心,然后从36—55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

The most important festival in China is the Spring Festival, more commonly known in the west as Chinese New Year. 36 all Chinese festivals, the date of the new year is 37 by the lunar calendar 38 the Western calendar, so the date of the holiday 39 from late January to mid February.

The Spring Festival 40 the earth 41 back to life,and the starting of plowing and sowing. In the past, feudal rulers of dynasties placed great 42 on this occasion,and ceremonies to usher in the 43 were performed.

Preparations for the Spring Festival start 44 the last few days of the last month. Houses are 45 cleaned,debts repaid, hair cut and new clothes 46 .Doors are decorated with couplets whose texts 47 good luck and praise nature. In many homes incense (香)is 48 ,and also in the temples as a 49 of respects for ancestors.

On New Year's Eve a large family dinner is served. In the south of China,sticky-sweet rice pudding called niangao is served, 50 in the north the jiaozi dumpling is popular. Most celebrating the festival 51 up till midnight, when fireworks are lit,to drive away evil spirits. New Year's Day is often 52 visiting neighbors and friends.

The public holiday for the Spring Festival 53 three days in China,but the festival 54 lasts till the 15th day of the lunar month and ends with the “Lantern Festival".When houses are 55 with colorful lanterns, and yuanxiao,a sweet fried or boiled dumpling made of glutinous rice flour, is eaten.

36. A. as B. For  C. Like  D. With

37. A. determined B. declared C. discovered D. deposited

38. A. other than B. instead  C. besides D. rather than

39. A. goes  B. varies  C. shifts D. moves

40. A. celebrates B. invites  C. inspires D. cultivates

41. A. came  B. coming C. to come D. to be coming

42. A. attention B. patience C. importance D. consideration

43. A. season B. period C. process D. interval

44. A. for B. till  C. during D. before

45. A. frequently B. occasionally C. thoroughly D. casually

46. A. loaned  B. borrowed C. purchased D. granted

47. A. seek B. require C. create D. follow

48. A. arranged B. burned C. fired D. applied

49. A. performance B. mark C. display D. basis

50. A. though B. because C. while D. since

51. A. stay B. get C. remain D. wake

52. A. kept B. spent C. taken D. caught

53. A. passes B. overtakes C. consumes D. lasts

54. A. functionally B. nationally C. intentionally D. traditionally

55. A. decorated B. covered C. filled D. surrounded

答案剖析:

36.C。 like 介词 “象。。。一样”

37.A. determine 决议

38.D。 rather than = instead of “而不是”

39.B. vary v. “差别”

40.A。 celebrate “庆贺”

41.B. the earth coming 动名词的复合构造做宾语

42.C。 43.A 44.C

45.C thoroughly 彻底地

46.C。 purchased=bought

47.A. seek 求, 恳求

48.B. burn incense 烧香

49.B。

50.C。 while 并列连词 “而”

51.A stay up 熬夜

52.B. spend time doing sth

53.D. last 继续

54.D。

55.A。 be decorated with 装饰

第三局部:阅读了解(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列漫笔,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

3eud教诲网 http://www.3edu.net  百万讲授资源,完全收费,无须注册,每天更新!Zhu Xueqin is from Jiangsu Province, Kang Houming from the Municipality of Chongqing and Hu Xiaoyan from Guangdong Province. They are the first migrant workers (农夫工) to have been elected deputies to the National People’s Congress. And they will be the focus of almost 3,000 deputies.

31 year-old Zhu works in a clothing company. She started out sewing garments and is now deputy chief of the workers’ union.

Migrant worker deputy Zhu Xueqin said, “I am the representative of 4 million migrant workers in Shanghai. I feel a lot of pressure to do well and I will certainly do my best.”

Zhu was elected to the post a month ago. She spent all her free time collecting requests and suggestions from fellow migrant workers.

Zhu Xueqin said, “We’ve held at least ten meetings to discuss the problems of restaurant staff and construction and factory workers.”

Since her election to be an NPC deputy, Zhu has received numerous requests from other migrant workers, who want her to help solve their problems. She is aiming for a paid holiday system so migrant workers can decide for themselves when they go back home to see their families. And she is also calling for maternity insurance(产期保险)for the migrants.

China’s workers from rural areas are estimated to a number around 200 million. And these migrants have become a main part of the country’s work force.

In March last year, the NPC annual session approved a draft resolution (草案) on the elections. The draft stated that provinces and municipalities with a large population of rural migrant workers should have a quota(定额)for NPC deputies.

56. Who or what does Zhu Xueqin represent?

A. Chongqing clothing company. B. Migrant workers in Jiangsu.

C. Guangdong workers’ union. D. Migrant workers in Shanghai.

57. Why will the three migrant worker deputies be the focus?

A. Because they want to help migrant workers to solve their problems.

B. Because they are migrant workers from the countryside.

C. Because they are the first migrant worker deputies to the NPC.

D. Because they are deputies from three very important places.

58.The fact that China has wider and better democracy (民主) can be seen from the following EXCEPT that _______.

A. three migrant worker deputies have been elected to the National People’s Congress

B. a draft approved by the NPC states that provinces and municipalities with a large population of rural migrant workers should have a quota for NPC deputies

C. deputies are calling for maternity insurance and a paid holiday system for the migrants

D. China’s workers from rural areas are estimated to a number around 200 million

答案剖析:

56.D。 细节题。第三段第一句话可知。

57.C。细节题。第一段第二句话可知。

58.D。 前三项在文章中都提到了,D 项无叙说。

B

(1)Secretary. Part time. 20 hours a week. Busy doctor’s office. Experience preferred. Good typing. Call 555—2438.

(2)BABY SITTER. 3 to 6 weekday afternoons. I will take you home. $5.00 an hour. Call 555-5593.

(3)Guitar lessons. Your home or mine. Experienced musician. Master’s degree in music. Call Louise 555-6131.

(4)TENTH STREET BLOCK PARTY. Sunday, July 15. Noon to 8. Food, games, prizes, live band, Tenth Street between Main and North,

(5)APARTMENT FOR RENT. 3 sunny rooms on high floor, great view. Separate kitchen. Wall-to-wall carpeting. The living room can be used as dining room. Email: SDGT@ 163. com. cn.

(6)TAXI DRIVER WANTED. Full or part time. Experience necessary. A good knowledge of the city is required. Call 555-8860 between 9A.M. and 5P. M. weekday.

(7)A stereo system for sale, It has two speakers. The system has an AM/FM radio. It also has a tape deck and turntable. It is in good condition. The stereo was owned for only one year. The price is $200 including the speakers. The owner will also take the highest price offered if the asking price is not met. Call Bill after 6. P.M, at 555-9834.

59.How many of the seven ads are placed by people who want to hire someone for certain job?

A.Four. B.Three. C.Two. D.Five.

60.Which of the following is true according to the ads above?

A.Those who have some experience in office work will have a better chance to get the job of secretary.

B.The owner of the stereo will never sell his stereo at a price less than $200.

C.The taxi driver is not necessarily familiar with the city.

D.The tenth street block party will last until after 8.

61.We may learn from the ads above that _____.

A.a baby sitter is paid by the hour

B.the party will be held without any music

C.the rooms for rent cannot get good sunlight

D.people can get guitar lessons at any places they like

62. These ads may probably appear in the following media except______

A. a local newspaper B. a page on the internet

C. a government report D. a special radio program

59.B。 由第一,第二和第六三个告白可知。

60.A。 由第一段Experience preferred.可知.

61.A. 推理判别题。 由第二段可知。其他三项与文章内容不符。

62.C。推理判别题。 告白内容与当局职能有关。

C

Everybody hates it,but everybody does it.A recent report said that 40%of Americans hate tipping.In America alone,tipping is a$16 billion—a—year industry.Consumers acting politely ought not to pay more than they have to for a given service.Tips should not exist.So why do they? The common opinion in the past was that tips both rewarded the efforts of good service and reduced uncomfortable feelings of inequality.And also,tipping makes for closer relations,It went without saying that the better the service,the bigger the tip.

But according to new research from Cornell University,tips no longer serves any useful function.The paper analyzes numbers they got from 2547 groups dining at 20 different restaurants.The connection between larger tips and better service was very weak.Only a tiny part of the size of the tip had anything to do with the quality of service.

Tipping is better explained,by culture than by the money people spend.In America,the custom came into being a long time ago.It is regarded as part of the accepted cost of a service.In New York restaurants,failing to tip at least l5% could well mean dissatisfaction from the customers.Hairdressers can expect to get l5%—20%,and the man who delivers your fast food $2.In Europe,tipping is less common.In many restaurants the amount of tip is decided by a standard service charge.In many Asian countries,tipping has never really caught on at all.Only a few have really taken to tipping.

According to Michael Lynn,the Cornell papers’ author,countries in which people are more social or outgoing tend to tip more.Tipping may reduce anxiety about being served by strangers.And Mr. Lynn says,“In America,where people are expressive and eager to mix up with others,tipping is about social approval.If you tip badly.people think less of you.Tipping well is a chance to show off.”

63.This passage is mainly about________.

A.different kinds of tipping in different countries

B.the relationship between tipping and custom

C.the origin and present meaning of tipping

D.most American people hate tipping

64.Which of the following best explains the underlined phrase “caught on” ?

A.Been hated. B.Become popular.

C.Been stopped. D.Been permitted

65.Among the following situations,in your opinion,who is likely to tip most?

A.A Frenchman just quarreled with the barber who did his hair badly in New York.

B.A Chinese student enjoyed his meal in a famous fast food restaurant in New York.

C.A Japanese businessman asked for a pizza delivery from a Pizza Hut in New York.

D.An American just had a wonderful dinner in a well known restaurant in New York.

66.We can infer from this passage that________.

A.tipping is no longer a good way to satisfy some customers themselves

B.tipping has something to do with people’s character

C.tipping in America call make service better now

D.tipping is especially popular in New York

63.C。 宗旨粗心题。

64.B。 词义猜想题。 依据Only a few have really taken to tipping 可知。

65.D。 美国人有给小费的风俗。

66.B。推理判别题。由最初一段可知答案。

D

China to Launch 1st Lunar Probe Chang’e I This Year
China says the launch of its first lunar probe Chang’e I is just around the corner. Chinese scientists made the announcement on Wednesday, saying the satellite would be launched in the second half of this year.
Since China announced the project in 2004, the country’s first lunar exploration project has drawn world-wide attention. Now, China’s space scientists say the satellite is ready for lift off.
Ouyang Ziyuan, chief scientist, China’s lunar exploration project, said, “Preparations for the satellite, rocket, ground control and data reception are ready for the exploration. We will be able to launch the probe the second half of this year.”
The probe’s operational orbit has already been decided on. Chang’e I is scheduled to enter the moon’s orbit after a nearly 400 000-kilometer journey in space. And a committee of over 100 space experts has also been established for the project. The scientists have agreed to share the data sent back by Chang’e I on the lunar environment.
Ouyang Ziyuan said, “We will make a 3D map of the moon and research the distribution of lunar elements, lunar soil thickness and the moon’s surface environment.”
Ouyang Ziyuan says Chang’e I will be carried by a Long March A3 carrier rocket for its launch. This is scheduled to take place at the Xi’Chang Satellite Launch Center.
67. When did China announce the project?
A. In the second half of this year.B. In 2004.
C. In the first half of this year. D. In 2008.
68. How long will Chang’e I travel before it enters the moon’s orbit?
A. 300 000 kilometers.B. 400 000 meters.
C. 400 000 000 meters.D. 5 000 000 kilometers.
69. What will Chang’e I do in space?
A. It will just circle around the moon.
B. It will make a 2D map of the moon and research the distribution of lunar elements.
C. It will send the TV signals to make our life more colorful.
D. It will make a 3D map of the moon and do some research about the moon.
70. Which one is TRUE?
A. The committee is made up of less than 100 space experts.
B. It is scheduled to launch at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.
C. The data sent back by Chang’e I will be shared by the scientists.
D. Chang’e I will be carried by a Long March B3 carrier rocket for its launch.

67.B。 细节题。由前两段,尤其是第二段第一句话。

68.C。 细节题。 第四段第二句。

69.D。 细节题。 由倒数第二段可知。

70.C。 细节题。 由 倒数第三段最初一句话可知。

第四局部:写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:义务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请仔细阅读下列漫笔,并依据所读内容在文章后表格的空格处里填人最适当的单词。

留意:每个空格填1个单词。

Environmental protection was stressed in Kanas, a growing tourist destination in Northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, which is famous for its attractive scenery and its “lake monster”.

“All of the hotels and restaurants will withdraw from the scenic site to 30 kilometers away,” said Jin Liquan, an official of the Kanas Environment and Tourism Bureau.

The activity aims to protect the environment of Kanas. Meanwhile, construction of environment facilities including sewage (污水) and rubbish treatment plants will be completed soon.

According to Mao Dacheng, chief of Altay Prefecture where Kanas is located, the government has invested 1 billion yuan on environment facilities. “Education for tourist is also important,” he said. An education center is being created to provide information on how to protect the environment in Kanas. But he said that the government would not interfere with the lives of traditional residents in Kanas.

It is expected that Kanas will receive more than 500,000 tourists this year, 4,000 more than last year.

“However, there are still few overseas visitors,” he said. Statistics showed that only two percent of the total number of tourists are foreigners. “This is partly because the transportation facilities are still not convenient enough,” Mao said. Currently, there is only one highway connecting Kanas,

“Upon request from tourists, construction of an airport will start this month and will be completed by the end of next year,” the official said.

A railway line connecting Kuitun and Altay will also be open to traffic in 2008 to make it possible travel to Kanas by train, which will probably bring in more tourists.

Title: Growing tourist 71._______ ---- Kanas

72._______Altay Prefecture, Northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
FeaturesAttractive 73._______, and “lake monster”
74.______75._______ hotels and restaurants from the scenic sites

constructing environment 76.______ including sewage and rubbish treatment plants

creating an education center

not interfering with the lives of traditional residents

77.___to protect the environment

to develop tourism

78._______

conditions

The number of tourists is increasing, but foreign visitors are few
Reason Inconvenient 79.________
Solution to 80.________ an airport

to open a railway line connecting Kuitun and Altay

义务型阅读:

1. destination 2. Location 3. scenery 4. Measures 5. withdrawing

6. facilities 7. Purposes 8. Present 9. transportation 10. construct

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

2008年5月12日下战书两点28分,四川省汶川县发作了里氏8.0级的大地动,请你依据上面的表格的内容,为中先生英语报写一篇150词左右标题为“A Terrible Earthquake”的报道,简述这场劫难的状况,如:职员伤亡等丧失,罗列动人事例,并发布本人的见解。

留意:1.词数:150词左右2.扫尾已给出,不算入总词数

地动丧失殒命约莫70,000 ;受伤职员375,000; 大批衡宇痍为高山
抗震救灾国际外积极捐钱捐物;束缚军和意愿者积极到场;

社会各界义演筹款;

动人古迹

(自取一例)

教员捐躯救护先生;

警员大义舍子救人;

你的慨叹

书面表达

At 2:28pm May12 , 2008, a terrible earthquake measuring 8 on the Richter scale hit Wenchuan of Sichuan Province. Being one of the worst disasters in China, the earthquake caused a great loss of lives and property, killing nearly 70,000 people ,with 375,000 injured. Many villages and towns have fallen into ruins.

Fortunately, emergency aid from home and abroad poured into the earthquake—stricken areas without delay. People from all walks of life show great concern for the earthquake victims, donating money, medicine, tents and other life necessities. Thousands of PLA soldiers as well as volunteers came to the rescue in time . The earthquake witnessed many moving stories. A heroic teacher saved his four students under the teacher’s desk at the cost of his own life .

As the slogan goes, one area in danger, people in eight areas come to help. With the help of the people and the government, the disaster areas will soon return to normal . Experiencing such a severe earthquake,I firmly believe that united, we are strong; divided, we are weak.